The Earth’s waters are teeming with life that contain various types of plant species, one of the most notable being algae. Algae is known as a simple aquatic plant, one capable of conducting photosynthesis. The term “algae”, however, is also used to describe a group of “photosynthetic eukaryotic organisms”. The habitats of algae can range from saltwater oceans to freshwater lakes. Despite its looks, algae are also capable of withstanding certain spans of temperatures and acidity. It has been estimated that there are anywhere from 30,000 to more than 1 million species of algae, many of which are members of differing groups and classifications.